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Urutonde: 4.9. Umubare w'amashyirahamwe: 41
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Ibihugu: Byose
Sisitemu y'imikorere: Windows, Android
Itsinda rya gahunda: USU software
Intego: Gutangiza ubucuruzi

ibaruramari na raporo yikigo cyinguzanyo

ibaruramari na raporo yikigo cyinguzanyo

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Tegeka ibaruramari na raporo yikigo cyinguzanyo


Ibaruramari na raporo yikigo cyinguzanyo muri software ya USU gitegurwa muburyo bwubu, bityo igikorwa icyo aricyo cyose cyakozwe nikigo cyinguzanyo gihita cyerekanwa mubucungamari kandi icyarimwe cyandikwa kugirango gitange raporo, mugihe abakozi batitabira bumwe muri ubwo buryo, ariko mugukora ibikorwa ubwabyo no kwiyandikisha muburyo bwa elegitoronike. Noneho, ibikorwa byose, harimo ibaruramari na raporo, bikorwa na automatique: gukusanya amakuru yumukoresha yemeza ibikorwa byakozwe, kubitondekanya kubikorwa, ibintu, ingingo, no kubara ibipimo byerekana ibaruramari kandi bikubiye muri raporo yakozwe mu buryo bwikora, kandi ibisubizo byabonetse bihita bigaragara mu nyandiko ijyanye na comptabilite.

Gutangiza ibaruramari no gutanga raporo yikigo cyinguzanyo bitezimbere inzira yimbere ikigo cyinguzanyo gifite mubikorwa byacyo, kigenga inshingano nakazi kabakozi, gishyiraho igenzura ryibaruramari na raporo, byihutisha guhanahana amakuru, bityo, byongera imikorere kandi gukosora ibaruramari, ireme rya raporo n’ibikorwa by’isosiyete yihuta, bigabanya ibiciro by’ikigo cy’inguzanyo kugabanya ibiciro by’umurimo no kongera umusaruro w’umurimo, ibyo, bikavamo inyungu nziza. Ukoresheje automatike ya comptabilite na raporo, ikigo cyinguzanyo cyubaka inzira zose zo kubika inyandiko yibikorwa byacyo kandi kigatunganya amakuru kumoko atandukanye ya raporo, harimo kubara konti hamwe na raporo y'ibarurishamibare kubashinzwe kugenzura, mugihe automatisation iracyatanga ibyangombwa byose byubwoko bwose ya raporo.

Kubera iyo mpamvu, uruhare rw’abakozi b’ikigo cy’inguzanyo rugabanuka mu gutangiza ibikorwa byayo, harimo ibaruramari na raporo, kubera ko gahunda yo gutangiza ikora imirimo myinshi, bityo, ikora aho kuba abakozi, inshingano zabo ubu zikubiyemo kongera ibyo basomye kuri Ifishi ya elegitoronike yavuzwe haruguru, buri muntu ku giti cye ku bakozi bose kandi itanga inshingano z'umuntu ku bwiza bw'amakuru yashyizwemo no kwishyurwa mu buryo bwikora bwo guhembwa buri kwezi, ukurikije amakuru yashyizwemo.

Gutangiza ikigo cyinguzanyo bigenga ibikorwa byabakozi, urebye igihe nigipimo cyakazi kijyanye na buri gikorwa cyakozwe, kugiti cyabo, gutanga ibiti byihariye hamwe n’aho umuntu akorera - agace kashinzwe mubushobozi n'inshingano zahawe. Muri icyo gihe, gutangiza ibaruramari no gutanga raporo y’ikigo cy’inguzanyo bitanga impapuro za elegitoronike zihuriweho nkikinyamakuru cyakazi ku giti cye kugirango byihutishe uburyo bwo kwinjiza amakuru bikorwa n’abakoresha buri munsi, bityo byongere umuvuduko wibikorwa, nkuko byavuzwe haruguru. Guhuriza hamwe kumpapuro zitangwa na automatike biganisha ku guhuza ibikorwa, kuzana imikorere yabyo muri automatisme, isabwa kunoza ibikorwa. Muri icyo gihe, automatisation yikigo cyinguzanyo yandika umubare wimirimo ikorwa nabakoresha mugihe, ukurikije ibipimo ngenderwaho byibikorwa, ikanasuzuma imikorere ya buri nyuma yigihe runaka mugutegura raporo yimbere hamwe nisesengura ryubwoko bwose y'akazi n'abakozi babigizemo uruhare.

Automation yikigo cyinguzanyo kibemerera kugira isesengura rihoraho ryibikorwa byacyo, harimo no gusuzuma uko ibyifuzo byinguzanyo bigizwe ninyungu zabyo, bityo isesengura ryabo rituma bishoboka kugenzura imyitwarire yabakiriya, kubahiriza imiterere yinguzanyo, igihe cyo kwishyura, n'umubare w'amadeni ariho. Twakagombye kongeraho ko software ya USU yonyine itanga isesengura ryikora muriki gice cyibiciro, mugihe ibyifuzo bisa nabandi bashinzwe iterambere bishobora kubitanga gusa kubiciro byikirenga bya porogaramu. Ikigo cyinguzanyo nticyakira raporo gusa nisesengura ryubwoko bwose bwimirimo ahubwo inakira imibare yibipimo hamwe ningaruka zimpinduka mubihe byashize, ibyo bikaba byemerera igenamigambi ryiza mubihe bizaza, urebye amakuru yakusanyirijwe hamwe no guhanura ibisubizo, kubisohora ukurikije icyerekezo cyagaragaye.

Porogaramu yashyizwe kuri mudasobwa yikigo cyinguzanyo ninzobere zacu, tutabigizemo uruhare nabakozi bayo mugushiraho, ariko itanga kwerekana muri make ubushobozi bwa software bwose, butuma kandi abakozi bamenyera vuba imikorere yiterambere ryiterambere. Nubwo ibicuruzwa byacu bitandukanye nabandi bose muburyo bworoshye bwo kugendana hamwe nuburyo bworoshye, ibi biragufasha kwinjiza abakozi mumurimo nta buhanga bwabakoresha bafite, utanga sisitemu ikora hamwe namakuru atandukanye. Amakuru nkaya atandukanye afasha guhimba ibisobanuro birambuye kandi byimbitse byerekana uko ibintu byifashe muri iki gihe nibikorwa bikorwa mugihe runaka mubigo by'imari.

Kugirango uhindure umukoresha ukora, amahitamo arenga 50 yogushushanya ya interineti atangwa binyuze mumuzingo woroshye wizunguruka kuri ecran nkuru. Abakoresha bakira uburyo butandukanye bwo kubona amakuru ya serivisi, bigarukira ku nshingano zabo n'imbaraga zabo, bagenera kwinjira n'ijambobanga. Kwinjira muburyo bwihariye butanga gukora muburyo bwa elegitoronike, byoroshye kugenzura ubuziranenge, igihe cyo gukora, hamwe namakuru yizewe. Igenzura ninshingano zubuyobozi, bufite uburenganzira bwubusa ku nyandiko zose, ikoresha imikorere yubugenzuzi kugirango yihutishe inzira yo kugenzura ibiti.

Kuva kuri data base yashizweho muri sisitemu ikora, ishingiro ryabakiriya, amazina, inguzanyo, ishingiro ryabakoresha, nibindi byerekanwe kubaruramari no gutanga raporo yibikorwa bitandukanye. Ikintu cyingenzi mu kubara inguzanyo ni ishingiro ryinguzanyo, ntabwo ikubiyemo urutonde rwuzuye gusa ahubwo inasobanura amakuru arambuye kuri buri cyifuzo hamwe namategeko, umubare, nibisabwa. Kuri buri nguzanyo, urashobora kwerekana igitabo kirambuye cyibikorwa byakorewe mu kigo cyinguzanyo kuva cyatanzwe, harimo amatariki, izina ryimirimo yakozwe, nibisubizo wabonye. Buri gikorwa cyakozwe mububiko bwinguzanyo gihabwa imiterere namabara atandukanye kugirango bigenzurwe neza uko inguzanyo ihagaze ubu kugirango isuzume vuba.

Sisitemu yimikorere yibigo byinguzanyo ikoresha cyane ibara ryerekana amabara, bikoresha abakoresha umwanya mugusuzuma inzira zigezweho no kugera kubisubizo. Urufatiro rwinguzanyo rushobora gutondekwa muburyo bwimiterere kugirango rugaragaze aho rukorera, rufasha gutandukanya ibikorwa byikigo bityo rero, kwihutisha ishyirwa mubikorwa ryabyo. Ntabwo ari ngombwa cyane kuruta ishingiro ryinguzanyo ni ishingiro ryabakiriya, aho ntabwo amakuru yumuntu ku giti cye hamwe n’imikoranire yabagurijwe gusa ahubwo amateka yuzuye yimikoranire na buri wese akusanywa. Hano, igitabo gisa na konti ya buri mukiriya gishyirwaho, aho ibikorwa byose byakozwe byerekanwa n'amatariki, harimo guhamagara, amabaruwa, n'ibisubizo byatanzwe.

Abakiriya bagabanijwemo ibyiciro ukurikije ibyiciro byatoranijwe n’ikigo cy’inguzanyo, ibi biragufasha gutunganya imikoranire nitsinda ryamatsinda, ryongera cyane igipimo cyimikoranire. Porogaramu yigenga ikora ibarwa yose ijyanye na comptabilite na raporo, harimo no kwishyura urebye gahunda yo kwishyura, inyungu, komisiyo, kandi ikongera kubara ubwishyu mugihe ivunjisha rihindagurika. Iharura umushahara uciriritse kubakoresha ukurikije ingano yimirimo yanditswe mubitabo byabo, byongera ibikorwa byabakozi.